There is a great deal of misinformation about cannabis and hemp . Here we will try and condense the facts into useful information.
1. What is Cannabis?
Cannabis is a broad term that can include any plant, or product derived from the plant species Cannabis Sativa L.
The Cannabis Sativa plant species contains three varieties: Sativa, Indica and Ruderalis, each with hundreds of their own strains. New strains are continually being bred. Most strains available today are the result of breeding and crossbreeding, rendering most strains as hybrids.
2. What is CBD and THC?
The most talked about chemicals that can be extracted from these plants are CBD, and THC. THC is psychoactive and is what gives people a "high". CBD does not make you high.
3. What is Hemp?
Hemp is a word that can be misleading. Cannabis plants have been bred for different uses and hemp may be distinguished by chemical makeup, use or production practices.
Hemp usually refers to a group of strains of Sativa with low levels of THC (generally less than 0.3%). THC levels in cannabis plants bred for their psychoactive properties are much higher.
Typically speaking, hemp is very fibrous, with long strong stalks. Hemp plants were generally machine harvested and manufactured into products such as rope, cloth, paper, food and oil. But over the past few years producers have been able to extract CBD from Hemp plants too.
CBD that comes from industrial hemp is still the same compound as CBD that comes from a plant containing higher levels of THC. CBD oil is not to be confused with hemp seed oil which is made by pressing the seeds of a hemp plant.
Extracts from hemp seeds contain protein, polyunsaturated fatty acids, omega 6 and omega 3. These extracts can be good for the skin (such as in our Healing Hemp Cream) and, taken orally, are certainly nutritious. The seeds do not contain any THC or CBD. Therefore "Hemp Seed Oil" has very limited medicinal value.
Say you have two bottles of CBD oil, one sourced from cannabis and the other from hemp. The CBD molecule is exactly the same. The difference is the terpenes, resins, and other cannabinoids. Finding the right hemp strains for a hemp CBD oil can take some homework in order to get the benefits of everything surrounding the CBD as hemp generally has lower terpene and cannabinoid counts.
4. Extraction methods
Industrial hemp usually contain about 2-5% CBD with trace amounts of THC. To extract CBD, large amounts of hemp is required. The challenge with such large quantities is the extraction method. The cheapest way to extract CBD is to use solvents such as butane or hexane. However, toxic residues can remain in the oil. Project CBD conducted tests in 2014, finding significant levels of dangerous residues in random samples of CBD products. Also, the hemp itself tends to absorb toxins from the soil - it was even used in the Chernobyl nuclear disaster cleanup. This is why it is important that the plants are organically produced. Toxic chemicals tend to accumulate and increase in potency when extraction and concentration is performed. Unfortunately many CBD products use industrial hemp grown in China, and can contain high levels of pesticides and heavy metals.
For exactly the same reasons, one also needs to be careful about where cannabis plants with high THC are grown.
Our CBD oil is a whole plant (full-spectrum) extract which comes from organically produced Cannabis Sativa L. Not to toot our own horn, but many people who use CBD report that a whole plant extract is more effective. Full-spectrum CBD contains cannabinoids and terpenes and the inclusion of these compounds enhances the natural therapeutic properties of CBD - this is known as the entourage effect.
We use supercritical C02 extraction for all of our products. Supercritical C02 extractions are considered the gold standard as this method ensures a very potent, pure extract that contains the maximum amount of active cannabinoids and does not leave behind residues.
5. Where do we get our CBD extract from?
6. What is the best way to take CBD oil?
There are various delivery methods available for taking CBD. Let's take a look at some of these:
Inhalation: smoking or vaporizing - take a look at our CBD vape juice
Ingestion: swallowing - see our water soluble CBD products
Sublingual: CBD enters the bloodstream through mucous membranes in the mouth - see our CBD 800
Topical: applied to the skin for local effects only (does not enter the bloodstream)
Transdermal: Patch or gel designed to be absorbed through the skin and into the bloodstream
At Peach & Moon we have three human products: our CBD 800 , CBD Plus, and CBD Plus Pen. Please take a look at these and let us know if you have any questions. The CBD 800 is taken under the tongue (sublingual), and the CBD Plus and CBD Plus Pen are our latest products which are water soluble and can be mixed with any beverage and ingested. The special formulation allows for a higher absorption rate of CBD. Most of the CBD gets degraded if you were to swallow a CBD oil that is not water soluble.
We also have an oil specifically designed for pets, which you can read about here.
7. Which should I take? CBD 800 or CBD Plus
We wish we could give you an easy answer on this! Some people feel the CBD 800 is more effective for them and others feel the CBD Plus is more effective. Generally, the CBD Plus is a very good daytime product and can be more economical if you require high dosages (since the absorption rates are high, you may end up using less than you would of the CBD 800). Some people find the most economical option is to take one pump of CBD Plus in the morning and micro dose with CBD 800 in the evening.
CBD 800 is absorbed sublingually (held under the tongue for 1-2 minutes before swallowing), and CBD Plus is water soluble (can be added to any beverage or squirted directly into the mouth and swallowed). The CBD 800 is a whole plant extract with no additives which gives it a strong earthy taste. For those who do not enjoy the taste we recommend the water soluble products.
8. Recommended serving size
CBD 800 contains 240 drops, with each drop containing more than 3mg of CBD. Drops are administered using a pipette. Always start with a micro dose to test sensitivity. We recommend 20-30mg in total per day (2-3 drops, 3 times per day).
CBD Plus comes in a pump bottle and contains 50 doses. We recommend 8-16mg per day (less than the CBD 800 due to the high bioavailability of the product). 1 pump = 8mg CBD.
CBD Plus Pen comes in a handy syringe and it also contains 50 doses. Each dose contains 16mg of CBD making it double the strength of our CBD Plus. The pen automatically dispenses one dose when pressed.
Please reach out to us with any questions you may have.